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Low-cost technologies: cost and availability

In late March, Voronezh State Academy of Forestry, under the auspices of the Russian Foundation for Basic Research (RFBR), held the International Scientific and Technical Conference "Mechanics of technological processes in the forest complex." At the conference were invited representatives of our institution.

International Scientific and Technical Conference "Mechanics of technological processes in the forest sector" was held in Voronezh, 25-27 March 2014

Chief Researcher of reforestation and seed VNIILM Vladimir Kazakov, made a report "low-cost technology development burnt wood" . The development of this technology has taken a half years. Experimental studies have been in the territory of South-European branch of the Institute in Veshenskaia and showed significant savings in development burnt wood, ie thinning after the local fire and subsequent artificial regeneration in these areas. Currently, in many southern regions for such work to buy expensive imported equipment, in particular, harvesters and forwarders cost, on average, 10 million rubles., Felling, cutting and removal of timber. Low-cost technology, scientists proposed VNIILM, involves the use of a tractor "Belarus" and partly manual labor. The essence of the method - directional felling chainsaw followed chokerless skidding equipment. At the same time the cost of this procedure will be about 200 thousand rubles. Saving is quite obvious, and gives good reasons for its introduction. Unless, of course, we want to spend the people's money wisely and maintain domestic mechanic.

The main essence of low-cost technology development burnt wood - directional felling chainsaw followed chokerless skidding equipment

With timber skidding copes tractor "Belarus", there is no urgent need to use expensive harvesters

In this conference was attended by more than 20 universities and Forestry Research Institute. And most of the speakers emphasized the need for conducting joint research and development work on the unification of scientific and creative forces students, teachers and scientists to implement the relevant innovation projects.

In this regard, it is worth noting that cooperation with VNIILM Voronezh Academy has been going on for years, and are constantly new and exciting areas of work. Last year, for example, the idea arose to conduct joint studies to assess the effectiveness of cultivation of planting material with closed and open root system (MCS and ACS) in the forest-steppe zone with various methods of soil preparation. This work will also have economic and practical value as now used for growing seedlings with closed root system of the Swedish-Finnish technology is not fully suited to the Russian reality, it is costly to both producers and consumers of planting material.

Swedish-Finnish cultivation technology of planting material with KYC: each seedling is in a special pot container (cassette) to obtain the necessary amount of moisture and nutrients

The outcome of negotiations on the issue was the signing earlier this year of the Protocol general meeting academic staff Voronezh Forestry Academy and scientists VNIILM, which approved a joint action plan. Academy takes on the selection in the Voronezh region typical areas for laying experimental plots of forest crops and preparation of proposals for ways of planting pine. VNIILM, for its part, is developing the program and methods of work in laying the experimental plot and evaluation benchmarks pine seedlings with MCS and ACS. Observations of the adaptability and growth of forest plantations is scheduled to hold together until the end of their growing season.

This article has been translated by machine translation.